low consumption oxide copper ore

Acid Leaching Copper Ore Treatment Method

In leaching plants of capacity illustrated by this flowsheet recovery of copper normally effected range from 80 to 90% of oxide copper and 70% or more of sulfide copper from average ores.

Copper Mining and Processing Processing of Copper Ores

Copper oxides are more abundant near the surface, but are considered lowgrade ore, with a lower concentration of copper. Although this requires more ore to be extracted and processed, this process is less expensive, so oxides can still be mined at a profit. On the other hand, while copper sulfide ores are less abundant, they contain higher amounts of copper. Although the processing costs are higher,

Copper extraction


Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors.
As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated (concentrated). The processing techniques depend on the nature of the ore. If the ore is primarily sulfide copper minerals (such as chalcopyrite), th

COPPER Copper production TU Delft

heap leaching. In Zambia and Zaire, however, siliceous copper oxide ores are floated with fatty acid collectors, and dolomitic copper oxide ores are sulfidized with sodium hydrogensulfide and then floated [48]. Pyrometallurgical copper production Figure 3 Typical flow sheet for pyrometallurgical copper production from ore concentrates

Utilization of highgradient magnetic separationsecondary

Copperoxide raw ore has a complex composition and cannot be processed effectively by conventional, singlestage sorting methods. Based on the characteristics of copperoxide ore, a new combined grindingflotationhighgradient magnetic separationsecondary grindingleaching process has been proposed to recover copper.

Copper Oxide Leaching mpsinnovation.au

copper oxide. Acid consumption of 98 kg/t had to be used to achieve the same recovery of glycine system with usage of 0.2 kg/t glycine and 0.05 kg/t lime. Alternative to uneconomic high acid consuming ores Negligible slump and greater percolation in high clay ores when compared to acid leaching Recovers additional revenue from

How Hydrometallurgy and the SX/EW Process Made Copper the

Beginning in the mid 1980s a new technology, commonly known as the leachsolvent extractionelectrowinning process or, SX/EW Process, was widely adopted. This new copper technology utilizes smelter acid to produce copper from oxidized ores and mine wastes. Today, worldwide, approximately 20% of all copper produced is produced by this is process.

Exploitation of rebellious lowgrade copper oxide ore with

Hydrometallurgy of copper has been developed rapidly recently. It is feasible to treat Lowgrade copper oxide ore with highalkality gangues by the heap leaching technology using low concentration

Chapter 7 Energy Use in the Copper Industry

duction of cathode copper. Assuming an ore grade of 0.55 percent and a recovery rate of87.5 6.4 percent copper in the concentrate, concentrating 1 ton of copper ore requires over 200 billion Btu, or approximately 42 million Btu/ton of cathode copper.10 Grinding accountsfor roughly 6 0 percent of the total energy consumed in proc

A novel process for simultaneously extracting Ni and Cu

An innovative and clean technique for simultaneously extracting Ni and Cu from mixed oxidesulfide coppernickel ore using FeCl 3 6H 2 O chlorination was developed. This technique not only prevented environmental pollution, but also allowed the efficient recovery of valuable metals.

Copper Mining and Extraction Oxide Ores

Most of the copper ores mined today are oxide or sulfide ores. Extraction of sulfide ores is covered in more detail in Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores (1114), but is introduced here because an important byproduct of this process is used for the extraction of oxide ores.

Modeling and optimization of oxide copper cementation

Studies on the leaching kinetics of copper sulfide ore indicate low kinetics while copper oxide ores have high leaching kinetics . Copper metal is widely used in many industries, but the most important one is copper with a 55% consumption in the electronic and electrical industries.

Minerals Free FullText Application of Nano High

This study focuses on measuring the abrasion resistance of a nano highentropy alloy against copper oxide and highgrade iron ores. When a base alloy was coated with the nano highentropy alloy, the abrasion indexes of iron and copper ores decreased from 0.0001647 kg to 0.0000908 kg and from 0.0001472 kg to 0.0000803 kg, respectively.

Tartana Copper and Zinc Project TartanaResources

During the period 2004 to 2013 approximately 1.2 million tonnes of copper oxide mineralisation grading around 0.8% Cu is reported to have been mined from the shallow open pit and treated in this heap leach, solvent extraction and crystallisation operation. A notable feature of the ore treated was the extremely low acid consumption.


Oxide copper ore, mixed oxidesulphide ores and lowgrade copper sulphide ore, which, for economic reasons, cannot be enriched by flotation, may be processed by leaching methods. Agents for leaching copper can be acid, base, or salt solutions. Of all of these agents, sulphuric acid has been given the


The occurrence of the minerals in USA and Chile (where the bulk of the copper heap leach operations are located) is considered. The occurrence of the minerals in each of these countries is ranked, ranging from 1 (highest) to 5 (lowest), where available. Theoretical acid consumption, expressed as moles/mole mineral for oxide copper

A New Collector for Effectively Increasing Recovery in

sulde otation is still one of the most widely used processes in copper oxide ore dressing, but it is unable to solve the problem of low recovery of microne oxidized copper ores [8,9]. According to statistics, about one sixth of the copper resource is lost to tailing ascribed to ne particles that cannot be e ectively recovered [10,11].

(PDF) Ammonia Leaching A New Approach of Copper Industry

Although copper oxide and pure copper were rst used to recover copper due to high solubility in ammonia, later on ammonia leaching of sulde ores was also considered.

The selective chlorination of nickel and copper from low

A lowtemperature chlorination roastingwater leaching process was proposed. Anhydrous aluminum performs good selectivity. O 2 and the generated Cl 2 play vital roles in the chlorination of sulfides.. Iron in the ore promotes the chlorination of nickel and copper significantly.

Iron oxide copper gold ore deposits

Iron oxide copper gold ore deposits (IOCG) are important and highly valuable concentrations of copper, gold and uranium ores hosted within iron oxide dominant gangue assemblages which share a common genetic origin. These ore bodies range from around 10 million tonnes of contained ore, to 4,000 million tonnes or more, and have a grade of between 0.2% and 5% copper, with gold contents ranging


The concentration of copper in ores averages only 0.6%, and most commercial ores are sulfides, especially chalcopyrite (CuFeS 2), bornite (Cu 5 FeS 4) and, to a lesser extent, covellite (CuS) and chalcocite (Cu 2 S). These minerals are concentrated from crushed ores to the level of 1015% copper by froth flotation or bioleaching.

Omitiomire Copper Project International Base Metals Ltd

The ore will be treated by heap leach SX EW to produce cathode copper. Extensive benchscale tests show 89% leach recovery of copper, low acid consumption, and a final cathode copper product of about 99.99% Cu. Craton plans metallurgical testing on a bulk sample to ascertain the need for agglomeration and to confirm the benchscale test

Copper Oxide an overview ScienceDirect Topics

17.8 Flotation of Oxide CopperGold Ores. Oxide coppergold ores are usually accompanied by iron hydroxide slimes and various clay minerals. There are several deposits of this ore type around the world, some of which are located in Australia (Red Dome), Brazil (Igarape Bahia) and the Soviet Union (Kalima).

Heap Leaching Oxide and Sulfide Copper Ores

Heap leaching is a simple means of recovering copper from oxide and oxidesulfide ores. Although this method requires relatively low capital investment, it suffers from low copper recoveries and relatively high acid consumption.

power consumption of copper ore processing plant BINQ Mining

Nov 16, 20120183;32;copper ore 1,low power consumption; 2,high Copper Ore Concentrator plant. 187; copper oxide ore processing plant When the content of the soluble copper in the ore stone is low, the cyanide consumption can be fine power that contains copper

Experimental studies and pilot plant tests for acid

The copper oxide ores from Tuwu Copper Mine mainly comprise copper and malachite minerals with a gangue. The copper grade is 0.240.37%. Calcium, magnesium, iron and other content is low, and the amount of acidsoluble gangue is not excessive.

WO2018161653A1 Method for recycling wrapped complex

A method for recycling wrapped complex copper oxide ores. A wrapped copper oxide ore which is difficult to recycle by floatation and has a low direct acid leaching rate is subjected to a combination of vulcanization, xanthate, fatty acid salt, and hydroximic acid to float free copper oxide, ferrous and biotite ores wrapping a copper ore in ores are recycled by magnetic separation, and a large


affect the extraction of copper. Copper minerals in oxide deposits are often acid consuming minerals. Thus, copper extraction is related to acid consumption. Common acid consumption reactions associated with copper oxide ore leaching include (Jansen and Taylor 2003) CuSiO 32H 2O + 12H + = 6Cu2+ + 8H 4SiO 4 (1) CuO + 2H+ = Cu2+ + H 2O (2) CuSO 43Cu(OH) 2 + 6H + = 4Cu2+

How Hydrometallurgy and the SX/EW Process Made Copper the

Beginning in the mid 1980s a new technology, commonly known as the leachsolvent extractionelectrowinning process or, SX/EW Process, was widely adopted. This new copper technology utilizes smelter acid to produce copper from oxidized ores and mine wastes. Today, worldwide, approximately 20% of all copper produced is produced by this is process.

Investigation of Affecting Parameters on Heap Leaching

Mohsen Azmayandeh, Valeh Aghazadeh, Hadi Abdollahi, Investigation of Affecting Parameters on Heap Leaching Performance and Reducing Acid Consumption of Low Grade OxideSulfide Copper Ore, International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 4045.